Month: March 2010

Teresa Wong Plays Teresa Wong’s “Prelude”

[anti-rclick]March 30, 2010.
During the recent music sheet clean-up/treasure hunt, I found out of the blue some pieces I wrote for composition class a decade ago. One of them is entitled “Prelude”, written in a quasi-Chopinesque style. I thought it would be fun to play them and record them: they sound quite nice! Please have a listen.
在最近的一次 樂譜整理及淘寶中,我亦找到幾首多年前學生時代爲作曲班寫的功課。其中一首名為《前奏曲》,帶有一點蕭邦的味道。

Here is the Prelude :
請欣賞《前奏曲》

[qt:http://teresawong.dyndns.org:9001/video/Tprelude.m4v 480 360]

This is my manuscript of “Prelude”:
這是我的手稿:

P.S. I have also posted the Chinese version of the article “On Piano Practice”.
另外我亦張貼了 “On Piano Practice” 的中文版本: 鋼琴練習篇《一》

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Easy Living 簡易生活

[anti-rclick]March 22, 2010.
Recently I dug up this piece when I was organizing my music scores (which were way too many in the forms of loose sheets and diverse genres to deal with). I played it through for the first time, and I thought, “Wow, what a nice piece!” I could only regret that I did not have some red wine to accompany me when I was recording it…
最近我在整理我那無窮無盡的樂譜,然後在一大堆零散的樂譜中淘到寶!我把這樂曲彈一遍,嘩,的確是一首令人感覺舒服的音樂!唯一的遺憾是錄音時我沒有以紅酒相伴…

Here I play “Easy Living” by Ralph Ranger and Leo Robin. I would like to dedicate this to my Family, in particular my two musical siblings, Anthony and Francis. Take it easy, Brothers!
在此我彈奏 「簡易生活」(原名:”Easy Living”),亦藉此獻給我的家庭,尤其是我兩位充滿音樂感的兄弟:Anthony 和 Francis。

This is the audio version 這是錄音版本:
[Audio:http://teresawong.dyndns.org:9001/audio/EasyLiving.mp3]

March 28, 2010.
Now here is the video version of me playing “Easy Living”. Enjoy!
這是我彈奏 「簡易生活」的視像版本。請欣賞!

[qt:http://teresawong.dyndns.org:9001/video/easyliving.m4v 480 360]

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Perlie Mong Plays Janacek’s Sonata X.1905

[anti-rclick]Perlie Mong plays Leos Janáček’s Piano Sonata X.1905, First Movement,” Presentiment”.
蒙珮兒 彈奏賈尼斯克的鋼琴奏鳴曲 X.1905,第一樂章,“預感”。

[qt:http://teresawong.dyndns.org:9001/video/PerlieJanecek.m4v 480 360]

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Teaching Notes 教學心得

[anti-rclick]Here is an index of my articles according to subject titles.
以下是我的教學文章索引,以題材分類而成。

INDEX 索引
On Piano Teaching 鋼琴教學
Article I
Article II
鋼琴教學 《一》
鋼琴教學《二》

On Piano Practice 鋼琴練習
Article I
鋼琴練習篇《一》
Young Children’s Practice Sessions
年幼學生的練習模式

On Piano Technique 鋼琴技巧
Article I
鋼琴技巧 《一》
Article II
鋼琴技巧 《二》
Article III
Article IV
Article V
Article VI

On Sight-Reading 視譜
Sight Reading I
視譜《一》


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視譜《一》

[anti-rclick]閱讀中文版: 視譜《一》
Many students have trouble in sight-reading. I do not understand why. To be frank, I am an excellent sight-reader, I can play (almost) everything at the first read: open score, orchestra/opera arrangement, choral (SATB) score, instruments plus basso continuo, four-hands music (I can play both parts-Primo and Secondo– at the same time), contemporary music (which tempo marking changes by every measure, each chord is totally unrelated to the next so you cannot predict what is coming next, and there are way many more notes than stars in the sky or dust in the air!), etc. You name it, and I can read it. I just have to find out why my students cannot sight-read, so that they can read better, not to the degree I am doing, but at least can play something simple and tonal at first sight with little difficulty. And thereby I started my search for the “holy grail”- my research on sight-reading.

When one types (or should I say, “google” (as a verb)?) “sight-reading” in the search engine, the first entry that appears is from Wikipedia. Now, in Musicology Research 101, the professor would say, “hey, never read Wiki as it is: it is not a reliable source because anyone with no credibility can put up some materials there.” Yes, that is quite true in some way. However, I do find Wiki very useful (and so did my music history class students who “borrowed” materials without citing their sources). To begin with, I always check the information with many sources, so I do not rely on just one single source and fall in love with it foolheartedly. I also find many articles on Wiki with bibliographies and references; sometimes external links are even provided for readers to check for more information. One of advice: use Wiki sparingly with a critical eye.

Back to sight-reading. In the article on Wiki, I read something ordinary and usual, others I already know a million years ago. Nonetheless, one term catches my attention: “Sight-playing”. Yes! Sight-playing! Of course, when we are talking about sight-reading on the piano or playing any instrument (we do hear a common term for singing: “sight-singing”), we are not just reading the score; we have to read it and play it at first sight! No wonder some kid students of mine when they first came to me said, “well we just need to read the music, we are not supposed to play it!”. I also heard from some students that their previous teachers told them to “read” but not try their hands on the piece given in the sight-reading test before the actual testing during exam because it is called “sight-reading” and therefore they should use only their eyes to look at the score!!

(The Wiki article credits the use of the term “sight-playing” to one author Dneya Udtaisuk, who wrote an insightful research on such matter. Interested parties can download her entire dissertation for further reading. (“A Theoretical Model of Piano Sightplaying components”, PhD Diss., University of Missouri-Columbia, 2005.)

I also find another interesting article with the same keyword search. The title of the article is “Sight Reading- A Trying Time for Teacher and Pupil” (http://www.musicteachers.co.uk/resources/sightr.pdf). The author Paul Richardson has good insights into such subject. In Richardson’s opinion, there are five aspects we should notice about improving students’ sight-reading skill:

1. Goal of piano learning
Taking graded exams consistently will not improve sight reading or playing in general. It only helps students play the three pieces at a competitively high level to achieve higher marks. Although the technique level of students might have been raised, the sight-reading skill cannot be said as the same.

2. General reading skills
Here is the most fascinating point made by Richardson. “Reading skills” ? What does that have to do with playing the piano? Richardson shows that there is a parallel relation between general reading and piano playing, that “…they [good sight-readers], like good readers, look ahead and, whether consciously or subconsciously, the eye returns for brief moments to the point in the score that is being played, as if to check that this is what was seen.” (p.2) Reading and anticipating ahead while (sight-)playing is something I as a teacher always stress and as a pianist always practise. As a matter of fact, I do find there are many similarities between learning music and language (and have an article of such topic awaiting to be finished off). Richardson also suggests assigning the students to do general reading, aloud, every day to help improve sight-reading. Although it is no scientific research, Richardson, with years of teaching experiences, makes his point clear and through.

3. Keyboard harmony sense and skill
One great point Richardson makes is this:
“Do not confuse keyboard harmony with that required for theory examinations. The two are disparate and until the pupils’ sense of keyboard harmony is developed to the point that they can hear harmonic progressions and melodies in their heads, will remain so.” (p.3). Indeed, many students have passed the grade 5 theory exam since such is a prerequisite for taking practical exams of grades 6-8. But when I ask them about what they have learnt from the exam, they reply, “Nothing. I already forgot about everything.” It is a sad thing they spent all those times preparing for the exam but did not get anything out of it other than an empty figure (the mark, however high or low it might be). I do try to teach my students at the very early stage of piano study to learn some basic harmonic progressions and do some simple improvisation with them. I also remind them constantly to apply what they have learnt from written theory on paper to practical theory on the piano. Once one is more familiarized with the chords and their sounds, one can anticipate much easier what is coming next during the first read of a new piece.

4. Aural training
Training aural sense and reading skill go hand in hand when it comes to good sight-reading. Just as you can anticipate what comes next when you read the score, you can also “hear” the expected sound before you even play it. When I look at/read some new score for the first time, I can hear the music in my head. The whole harmonic structure with good rhythm and steady tempo. I can even hear the articulation, phrasing and dynamics (oh yes, my students call me “monster” for all these sight-reading things I can do, among other piano skills).

5. Keyboard coordination
This is particularly true for students at their early piano training stages that they somehow have to look at their fingers on the keyboard instead of reading the music, even when every note they need is under the fingers already. Be confident, my students! Like I always said, they have to trust themselves and take some risks. And it is only on the keyboard, so one’s life is not in danger or anything like that. Feel free to explore on the keyboard. Sometimes I ask my students to close their eyes to play something they think they are not familiar with and have trouble finding the notes. Initially they are astonished to hear such request from me (sometimes that comes with a roll in the eyes). But they do try and are surprised with delight that they can actually play even without looking at the keyboard! As put by Richardson, “Looking at the fingers will ensure that the pupil never becomes a fluent reader for, rather than reading, s/he is committing to memory a series of physical movements and sounds- the reading aspect takes second place.” (p.4) And there he puts it well in place.

All the five things Richardson put forth on this matter of sight-reading should be observed easily and commonly known among any well-informed and observant piano teacher, who understands that piano learning is not just about pursuing grades and marks but enjoying one’s own playing and developing a lifelong passion in music. Training students’ sight-reading skills is thus crucial for me. I only hope every student of mine can sit down and play just about anything at first read like me (or just a very small portion of me will do), enjoying the pleasure of playing all these musical treasures out there…