March 9, 2012
Here are some references for further reading on the topics of piano pedagogy/performance/technique:
Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Pedagogy Compiled by Members of the NCKP Historical Perspectives Committee
– read the pdf file here
Grove Music Online
Apel, Willi, ed. Harvard Dictionary of Music. 2nd ed., rev.andenl. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1969.
Any scholarly journal about piano study or technique
American music teacher
Journal of music education
Music and Letters 2007 88(1):190-192; doi:10.1093/ml/gcl052
Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Medical Problems of Performing Artists is the first clinical medical journal devoted to the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of medical and psychological disorders related to the performing arts. Original peer-reviewed research papers cover topics including neurologic disorders, musculoskeletal conditions, voice and hearing disorders, anxieties, stress, substance abuse, disorders of aging, and other health issues related to actors, dancers, singers, musicians, and other performers.
Performing Arts Medicine Association (PAMA)
The history of the field of performing arts medicine began taking shape in the 1980s based on the “Medical Problems of Musicians and Dancers” conference in Aspen, Colorado. The journal “Medical Problems of Performing Artists” was started as a direct result of those meetings, and eventually became the official journal of the Performing Arts Medicine Association
Psychology of Music
January 1973—January 2010
Wagner CH: The pianist’s hand: arthropometry and biomechanics. Ergonomics 1988;31:97-131.
Gat J: The Technique of Piano Playing. Budapest, Corvina, 1958, pp 40-61.
Sakai N, Liu MC, Su FC, et al: Motion analysis of fingers and wrist of the pianist. Med Probl Perform Art 1996;11:24-29.
Piano Technique and Fingering in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries: Bringing a Forgotten Method Back to Life
Martin Gellrich; Richard Parncutt.
British Journal of Music Education (1469-2104)
March 1998. Vol.15,Iss.01;p.5-23
Piano Technique and Fingering in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries: Bringing a Forgotten Method Back to Life
Michael Latcham. The check in some early pianos and the development of piano technique around the turn of the 18th century. Early Music. February 1993. Vol.XXI;p.28-43
Barnes, Stephen H. “Thoughts on an Empirical Foundation of Pedagogy.” The American Music Teacher. April-May 1981, 39.
Eberly. “Some notes on Seventeenth century piano music”. Proceedings of national teachers association. 1947. Vol 41. 185.
Gonzol, David J. Otto Rudolph Ortmann, Music Philosophy, and Music Education
Philosophy of Music Education Review (1543-3412)
Fall 2004. Vol.12,Iss.2;p.160-180
David C. Harding, Kenneth Brandt, Ben M. Hillberry. Minimization of finger joint forces and tendon tensions in pianists. From: Medical Problems of Performing Artists: Volume 4 Number 3: Page 103 (September 1989)
Holmes, Patricia. Imagination in practice: a study of the integrated roles of interpretation, imagery and technique in the learning and memorisation processes of two experienced solo performer. British Journal of Music Education (2005), 22:3:217-235 Cambridge University Press
Kursell, Julia. “Piano Mécanique and Piano Biologique: Nikolai Bernstein’s Neurophysiological Study of Piano Touch.” Configurations 14, no. 3 (2008): 245-273. http://muse.jhu.edu.easyaccess1.lib.cuhk.edu.hk/ (accessed December 28, 2009).
Ortmann, Otto. “Piano Technique in the Light of Experiment,” The American Mercury 4 (December, 1927): 445
F. R. Wilson and F. L. Roehmann, “The Study of Biomechanical and Physiological Processes in Relation to Musical Performance,” in Handbook of Research on Music Teaching and Learning: A Project of the Music Educators National Conference, ed. Richard Colwell (New York: Schirmer, 1992), 510.
Wilson, Frank R. M.D. articles. 1981 etc.
Biology of music making conference.
Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel. Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments(1753). Trans, and ed. William J. Mitchell. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1949.
Breithaupt, Die Natürliche Klaviertechnik Natural Piano Technic, trans. John Bernhoff. Leipzig: C.F. Kahnt Nachfolger, 1909
Fielden, Thomas. The Science of Pianoforte Technique. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1961.
Fraser, Alan. The Craft of Piano Playing: A New Approach to Piano Technique. Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Md., 2005.
Ortmann, Otto. The Physical Basis of Piano Touch and Tone: An Experimental Investigation of the Effect of the Player’s Touch Upon the Tone of the Piano. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1925.
—. The Physiological Mechanics of Piano Technique: An Experimental Study of the Nature of Muscular Action as Used in Piano Playing, and of the Effects Thereof Upon the Piano Key and the Piano Tone. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., Ltd., 1929.
*Kochevitsky, George. The art of piano playing: a scientific approach (1967)
Kochevitsky, George A. Practical & professional essays for the serious pianist.
Matthay, Tobias. Relaxation Studies in the Muscular Discriminations Required for Touch, Agility and Expression in Pianoforte Playing , London: Bosworth, 1908.
Matthay, Tobias. The Act of Touch in All Its Diversity; an Analysis and Synthesis of Pianoforte Tone-Production , New York: Longmans, Green and Co., 1903.
Matthay, Tobias .The Visible and Invisible in Piano Technique, 1932.
Ortz, Ortmann. The Physical Basis of Piano Touch and Tone. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co., Ltd., 1925.
Whiteside, Abby. Indespensibles of piano playing. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1955
The art of pianoforte playing – Pauer, Ernst, 1826-1905
Bernstein, Seymour. With Your Own Two Hands: Self-discovery Through Music. NewYork: Schirmer Books, 1981.
Camp, Max. Developing Piano Performance: A Teaching Philosophy. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: Hinshaw Music, Inc., 1981.
After explaining the finger technique emphasized in early keyboard treatises, Camp discussed how the musical and technical approach to piano playing and teaching changed in the nineteenth century. Finally, she documented the continued evolution of pedagogical thought in the twentieth century.
Hofmann, Josef. Piano playing, with Piano questions answered. New York : Dover Publications, 1976.
Originally published in the Ladies’ home journal
Reprint of the 1920 ed. published by T. Presser, Philadelphia
Mastering Piano Technique by Seymour Fink. Portland Oregon: Academic Press, 1992. [no price given], 187 pp.
The Art of Practising the Piano by Jeffrey Whitton. London: Stainer & Bell, 1993. £7.50, 105 pp.
Arnold Schultz’s Riddle of the Pianist’s Finger and its Relationship to a Touch-Scheme.1932
Books about Pianists
Gerig, Famous Pianists and Their Technique. Washington, DC: Robert B. Luce, 1974.
Rosen, Charles. Piano Notes: The World of the Pianist. New York: Free Press, 2002.
Bonpensiere, Luigi. New Pathways to Piano Technique: A Study of the Relations Between Mind and Body with Special Reference to Piano Playing. NewYork: Philosophical Library, 1953.
Grabill, Ethelbert Warren. The mechanics of piano technic; a primer of the movements and forces used in piano playing, with precise analysis in the method of modern physical science. Chicago: R.R. Donnelley & Sons Co. 1909.
Seashore, “The Psychology of Music: III. The Quality of Tone: (1) Timbre” Music Educators Journal 23 (September, 1936): 24-26; “The Psychology of Music: IV. The Quality of Tone: (2) Sonance” Music Educators Journal 23 (October, 1936): 20-22; Psychology of Music (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1938); In Search of Beauty in Music: A Scientific Approach to Musical Aesthetics (New York: The Ronald Press, 1947).
“Piano Technic history”
Boardman, Roger Crager. A history of theories of teaching piano technic. PhD. diss., New York University, 1954.
Norman, John Love. “A Historical Study of the Changes in Attitudes toward the Teaching of Piano Technique from 1800 to the Present Time.” PhD. diss., Michigan State University, 1968.
Laor, Lia. “Piano Pedagogy (1800-1850): History and Methodology.” PhD. diss., Tel-Aviv University, 1989.
James, Michael Joseph. “The Evolution of Pedagogical Thought in American Piano Teaching of the Twentieth Century.” D.M.A. diss, University of South Carolina, 1994.
-contemporary history: 20-century
Proulx, Jean-Francois. A pedagogical guide to extended piano techniques. D.M.A., Temple University, 2009.
Hosaka, Yoshinori. “Sumiko Mikimoto’s piano method: A modern physiological approach to piano technique in historical context.” D.M.A., University of Maryland, College Park, 2009
Goldreich, Walter A. “References to Psycho-physical Relationships in Piano Technique as Reflected in Twentieth-century Writings About Piano Pedagogy.” D.M.diss., Indiana University, 1970.
Steinhausen, F. A., and Donald Vern Rupert. The physiological errors and the reshaping of piano technique. Thesis (D.M.A.)–University of Rochester, 1963
Camp, wayne max. An instructional approach to piano study referenced to selected learning theories. Diss u of Oklahoma, 1977.
Hennessy, Claire. An analysis of Otto Ortmann’s The physiological mechanics of piano technique and its implications for piano teaching. Philadelphia: s.n.]. 1979.
Huneycutt, Don Lee. 1974. Ballistic muscular movements and their implications for piano technique. Thesis (D.A.)–University of Mississippi, 1974.
Adams, sterling Cameron. An exploratory study of the Application of Two Learning Theories to the Teaching of Piano. Diss, IU, 1962.
Gyártó, Stefan. 1971. Bitonal and symmetrical scales and arpeggios their application and importance to piano technique. Thesis (D.M.A.)–University of Missouri-Kansas City, 1970.
Keeves, June Kelk. “A Study of Piano Pedagogy: Its History, Theory, Psychology and Practical Application.” M.M. thesis, Rhodes University, 1984.
Briggs, Marjorie Winslow. “Piano pedagogy: historical and critical study of teaching methods in piano technic from the time of C.P.E. Bach to the present day”. M.A. thesis, Hamline University, 1947.
Van Loan, Vera. “Historical and psychological bases pianoforte pedagogy”. M.A. thesis, Claremont college, 1939.
Golz, Anne L. “Piano Technique and Pedagogy through two centuries of the development of the instrument and its literature”. M.A. thesis, Eastman School of Music, 1944.
Williamson, Hugh P. “The Evolution of pianoforte technique”. New York University, 1939.
Winterringer, grace. “A critical investigation in the pedagogy of piano touch”. M.M. Thesis, University of Rochester, 1942.
Gailey, Gertrude. “An Analysis of Selected Compositions for Their Merit as Teaching Material in the Development of Piano Technic. M.A. Thesis, University of Iowa, 1926.
Stricker, Marie Celestine. “The Physiological Approach to Piano Technic”. M.A.Thesis, University of Cincinnati, 1953.
Brown, Gertrude Sweeney. “Pianoforte Technic as Developed by Rudolf M. Breithaupt”. M.A.Thesis, Catholic University of America, 1955.
Harry Spangler. “An Historical and Experimental Study of Some of the Motor Aspects of Pianoforte Technique”, M.A. Thesis , University of North Dakota,1933.
Pierson, Imogene Louise. Piano technique: its evolution and influence upon composition. Thesis (M.M.)–Arthur Jordan Conservatory of Music, 1942.
Horinga, Hertha Marie. The importance of piano technique. Thesis (M.A.)–Michigan State University. Dept. of Music, 1957
Cobb, Nettie Alice. 1941. An evaluation of comparative piano technique since 1902. Thesis (M.M.)–North Texas State Teachers College, 1940.
More recent research
Knerr, Julie. 2006. Strategies in the formation of piano technique in elementary level piano students: an exploration of teaching elementary level technical concepts according to authors and teachers from 1925 to the present. Thesis (Ph. D.)–University of Oklahoma, 2006.
Ishida, Kuniko. 2003. A study of tension in piano playing: approaches to piano technique and examinations of Alexander Technique and Feldenkrais Method in avoiding problems of tension. Thesis (M.Mus.) — Griffith University, 2003.
Holleran, Kathleen. 1998. The development of intermediate piano technique: a comparative analysis of teaching methods. Thesis (M.M.)–Oakland University, 1998
McKinney, LaTerese Ramus. Physical principles of piano technique. Thesis (M.M.)–Oakland University, 1995.
Klein, Andreas. 1989. The Chopin etudes: an indispensable pedagogical tool for developing piano technique. Thesis (A. Mus. D.)–Rice University, 1989
Taylor, Colin. 1980. The influence of the scientific approach on methods of piano technique: 1850-1950. Thesis (M. Mus.)–University of Melbourne, 1983.
Bridges, Alban Kit. A cognitively oriented concept of piano technique. Thesis (D. Music)–Northwestern University, 1985
Stafford, Larry Dale. A study of innovative piano technique in published works of selected composers from 1950-1975. Thesis (D.A.)–Ball State University, 1978
Wristen, Brenda G. 1998. Overuse injuries and piano technique: a biomechanical approach. Thesis (Ph. D.)–Texas Tech University, 1998.
Other related reference
Martinez, Maria Dolores . Psycho-physical aspects of the interchange between piano and harpsichord: a study of experiences and opinions of current performers and educators. PhD diss., Texas Tech University, 1990.
Schuttevaar , P.P. Proposal for research into the function of mental models for piano students, their relation with physical reality and their impact on learning processes. July 2008.
(early 20thC method, matthay and breithaupt)
Books-publications between 1990 & 2009
Mark, Thomas Carson, Roberta Gary, Thom Miles, Barbara Conable. 2003. What Every Pianist Needs to Know About the Body , Chicago: GIA Publications.
Comeau, Gilles. Piano pedagogy : a research and information guide. Routledge, 2009
Practical piano pedagogy : the definitive text for piano teachers and pedagogy students / by Martha Baker-Jordan. 2004.
The craft of piano playing : a new approach to piano technique / Alan Fraser ; illustrations by Sonya Ardan.
Fraser, Alan, 1955-
Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 2003.
Alan Fraser is professor of piano and the Feldenkrais
Method at the Art Academy of the University of Novi Sad, Yugoslavia
The art of effective piano teaching / Dino P. Ascari
[Bloomington, IN] : 1stBooks Library, c2003
The complete pianist : body, mind, synthesis/ by Ruth C. Friedberg Metuchen, N.J. : Scarecrow Press, 1993
Boris Berman [videorecording] : sound and touch / Excellence in music
Greenwich, Conn. : Excellence in Music, c1997
Lecture and demonstration on the techniques of sound production on the piano and how to teach it.
Developing musical fingers [videorecording] : lecture-demonstration by Sam Holland ; The New School for Music Study Press.
[Princeton, N.J.] : New School for Music Study Press, c1987
“A presentation of Musical fingers. Books 1, 2, 3, 4 by Frances Clark, Louise Goss, Sam Holland” — Title screen
Holland discusses and demonstrates technical exercises from Musical Fingers, for late elementary to early advanced piano students.
Publications between 1954-1990
William Stein Newman (1912-2000) The Pianist’s Problems in 1950.
1922 the pianist’s mechanism
1969 MASTERING the chopin etudes and other essays
1972 repub (1930s first pub) piano technique. Karl leimer
-weight technique-study score away from kwyboard
Julien Musafia The Art of Fingering in Piano Playing in 1971
Essai d’analyse anatomo-physiologique de la technique de clavier / par Claude Dorgeuille Paris : La Revue musicale, 1972
Basic principles in pianoforte playing Josef Lhévinne ; with a new foreword by Rosina Lhevinne
Lhévinne, Josef, 1874-1944
New York : Dover Publications, 1972
The art of piano playing [by] Heinrich Neuhaus. Translated by K. A. Leibovitch
Neigauz, Genrikh Gustavovich, 1888-1964
New York, Praeger Publishers 
Behavioral profile of the piano student : including a new look at the cause and prevention of premature dropouts / Sidney J. Lawrence ; pref. by Barbara January
Lawrence, Sidney J., 1909-
Hewlett, N.Y. : Workshop Music Teaching Publications, c1978
The piano master classes of Franz Liszt, 1884-1886 : diary notes of August Göllerich / edited by Wilhelm Jerger ; translated, edited, and enlarged by Richard Louis Zimdars
Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c1996
Natural laws in piano technic.
Author: Mary Wood Chase
Publisher: Boston, O. Ditson  Series: The music students library
Schauffler,Lawrence. Piano technic : myth or science. Chicago, Ill. : Gamble Hinged Music Company, [©1937]
Spencer, Allen. The foundation of piano technic. Chicago, H.T. FitzSimons Co. [1932
Podolsky, Leo. The pillars of piano technic. [New York] Boosey & Hawkes [©1962, 1955] Kochevitsky, George A. Practical & professional essays for the serious pianist.
Aaron, Michael. Piano technic : designed for the development of finger, arm and wrist, and for the attainment of tone and touch control. Melville, N.Y. : Belwin Mills, ©1948-
Breithaupt, Rudolf M. Natural piano-technic : preliminary to intermediate grade. Leipzig : C. F. Kahnt, 1909-.
Robyn, Louise. Technic tales. [Book 1]-Book 2. Fifteen links in a chain of foundation exercises for the standard forms of piano technic. Boston, [etc.] Oliver Ditson Company [©1927-1933] Broadwell, Robert A. Concentration and impulse control : nineteen lessons explaining a simple but positively beneficial method of development of a masterly piano technic, as well as providing methods for easy learning and mental co-ordination over the finger muscles. Covina, Calif. : R. Broadwell Studios, ©1944-1945.
Shuang, Yang. Yang Shuang gang qin jiao xue li lun. 1 / bian zhu Yang Shuang. [Xianggang?] : Huan qiu yin yue chu ban she, 2004.
杨爽. 杨爽钢琴教学理论. 1 / 编著杨爽. [香港?] : 环球音乐出版社, 2004.
A symposium for pianists and teachers : strategies to develop the mind and body for optimal performance / contributors, Gail Berenson … [et al.] ; edited by Kris Kropff ; [foreword by Luiz de Moura Castro]. Dayton, Ohio : Heritage Music Press, c2002.