Month: June 2016

[:zh]練習帶來完美的表現 (如果你知道怎樣練的話)[:]

[:zh]第八章  –   練習帶來完美的表現: 如果你知道怎樣練的話

(Chapter 8: Practice Makes Perfect: Only If You Know How)

練習是一道連接課堂和表演不可或缺的橋樑。沒有了練習,就不能讓技巧更臻完美,不能理解音樂,也就學不了甚麼。

我假設所有人都會練習。但為甚麼有些人突發猛進,有些人卻舉步維艱?是甚麼讓練習變得有效呢?

很多學生,尤其是年幼的或低級別的,提起練習時態度總是拖拖拉拉,而且認為練習只是把整首樂曲從頭到尾彈一次,彈得越多越好。這不是練習,而只是把樂曲彈完。

在我開始談論應該怎樣練習之前,先說清楚我們為甚麼要練習。有些小孩子並不明白為甚麼他們會被迫練習,誤以為練習是一件老師和父母加諸自己身上的苦差。另外一些學生就認為越快練好一首樂曲,就代表他們彈得比較好,所以當他們驚訝地發現要花多很多的時間練習一首樂曲時,就會很沮喪,甚至放棄練習。

為甚麼我們要練習?

一.我們練習是為了理解一篇音樂作品,包括它的音樂內容、結構、表情、個性和風格。透過練習,我們了解到那篇作品的細節,包括分句、強弱編排、演奏法(articulation)、旋律線條的抑揚頓挫、節奏和演奏速度等。

二.我們練習是為了把作品演奏得十全十美。理解樂曲之後,就要用自己雙手把它演繹出來。把我們心中理解到的傳到雙手,再由雙手傳到鋼琴上。這樣我們對作品的理解就會透過鋼琴傳達給聽眾。

三.我們練習是為了透過鋼琴這個媒介,在課堂、表演、考試和比賽中和別人分享我們對作品的演繹。

我們怎樣練習?

練習 (practice) 和彈奏或演奏整篇樂章 (performance) 是完全不同的。練習時,大多時間都不會完整地彈出一篇作品(除非是初學者) ,亦不會每次都重頭到尾彈完一首樂曲。反而,練習是花更多時間去仔細耹聽和彈奏小段或零星部分的樂段。

練習是分階段操練一首樂曲中的困難部分。你可以先把整個樂曲彈奏一兩次,找出在曲中遇到的問題後,記下自己彈得不如意的部分,集中精神,逐一去耐心處理和解決每個問題,最後連起各個部分,彈出一首完整的樂曲。

練習就好像拼拼圖。視乎樂曲的難度和長短,以及個人的演奏能力而定,這可以是一幅500塊或10000塊的拼圖,你或者要花一星期或一年才拼好。就像拼拼圖一樣,開始時總是最困難的:你根本無從入手。但當你尤其是在開始時很有耐性地去拼,就會找到更多能讓你拼到下一塊的線索。隨著你投入更多努力和時間,拼好的地方就會越來越大。你也會更清楚下一步要怎樣做。這時候你就會越拼越起勁。

 

黃穎妍

(節錄自 書籍 「琴韻飛翔」 ( “Piano Freedom“中文版, 暫定於二0一六年八月出版)

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[:en]References for Piano Music of Classical Period [:]

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Here are some great references for anyone who is serious in learning more in depth about piano/keyboard music of the classical era:

CPE Bach’s treatise: Versuch über die wahre Art das Clavier zu spielen (Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments)

It’s available in German and French at IMSLP: http://imslp.org/wiki/Versuch_%C3%BCber_die_wahre_Art_das_Clavier_zu_spielen,_H.868,_870_(Bach,_Carl_Philipp_Emanuel) 

For English translation: https://www.amazon.com/Essay-True-Playing-Keyboard-Instruments/dp/0393097161

Czerny’s Op. 500 Pianoforte-Schule

another historic treatise, in particular the second chapter concerning “the proper performance of Beethoven’s works”.  

English translation:  http://imslp.org/wiki/Pianoforte-Schule,_Op.500_(Czerny,_Carl) 

Second chapter on it’s own here: http://imslp.org/wiki/Special:ImagefromIndex/356510     

Rosenblum’s Performance Practices in Classic Piano Music

This is the go-to reference for all aspects of historically-informed performance at the piano Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Performance-Practices-Classic-Piano-Music/dp/0253206804 

Brown’s Classic and Romantic Performing Practice: 1750 – 1900

Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Classical-Romantic-Performing-Practice-1750-1900/dp/0195166655/ref=pd_sim_14_4?ie=UTF8&dpID=51zCN6Dra0L&dpSrc=sims&preST=_AC_UL160_SR105%2C160_&psc=1&refRID=MZ31B06KHX63PDSB2767

Malcolm Bilson’s DVDs on performance practice:  

(If you don’t know who he is, go learn here )

https://www.amazon.com/Knowing-Score-Malcolm-Bilson/dp/0801444845/ref=sr_1_18?ie=UTF8&qid=1466971031&sr=8-18&keywords=malcolm+bilson https://www.amazon.com/Performing-Score-Malcolm-Bilson/dp/B006IVOTWU/ref=sr_1_20?ie=UTF8&qid=1466971031&sr=8-20&keywords=malcolm+bilson 

And his recordings:

 https://www.amazon.co.uk/s/ref=nb_sb_noss_1/277-5565438-5991311?url=search-alias%3Ddigital-music&field-keywords=bilson+schubert 

Special thanks to our guest teacher Mr Polanski for this note.

Teresa Wong

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[:en]Afterthoughts about our masterclass[:]

[:zh]We had a wonderful masterclass conducted by Mr David Polanski yesterday, on a Sunday afternoon: when most people take the time relax and go out with their friends and family to enjoy their day off, we gathered together at the studio to listen to each other’s piano playing and talk about the great music of Mozart and Beethoven. I thought, what better way to spend a lovely Sunday afternoon together than that. [:]

[:en]Teresa Wong plays: Mui Wo Suite (complete) (piano improvisation)[:]

[:en]This is an improvisation by me after visiting my favorite outlying island in Hong Kong, Mui Wo.

I particularly enjoy the ferry ride out there, the slow ferry on which you can be close to the ocean and watch and listen to the waves, and enjoy the beautiful sky where sometimes the lovely sun and the adorable clouds both appear.

Enjoy!

Teresa Wong

https://soundcloud.com/teresawongpiano/mui-wo-suite-complete[:]