Here are some great references for anyone who is serious in learning more in depth about piano/keyboard music of the classical era:

CPE Bach’s treatise: Versuch über die wahre Art das Clavier zu spielen (Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments)

It’s available in German and French at IMSLP:,_H.868,_870_(Bach,_Carl_Philipp_Emanuel) 

For English translation:

Czerny’s Op. 500 Pianoforte-Schule

another historic treatise, in particular the second chapter concerning “the proper performance of Beethoven’s works”.  

English translation:,_Op.500_(Czerny,_Carl) 

Second chapter on it’s own here:     

Rosenblum’s Performance Practices in Classic Piano Music

This is the go-to reference for all aspects of historically-informed performance at the piano Amazon: 

Brown’s Classic and Romantic Performing Practice: 1750 – 1900


Malcolm Bilson’s DVDs on performance practice:  

(If you don’t know who he is, go learn here ) 

And his recordings: 

Special thanks to our guest teacher Mr Polanski for this note.

Teresa Wong

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