Tag: bwv914

[:en]Bach: Toccata in E minor BWV 914[:zh]巴哈《 E 小調觸技曲, 作品914》 (Bach: Toccata in E minor BWV 914) [:]

[:en]

(Also see Chinese version)

Toccata in E Minor, BWV 914 

  • “Toccata”: meaning “to touch” (“toccare” in Italian), a highly virtuosic keyboard genre
  • Bach’s toccatas: combination of German toccata style (more serious counterpoint and complex structure) and Italian toccata style (more showy and flamboyant), with alternating free-style (prelude) and strict structure (fugue) – “stylus phantasticus”
  • Basically two sets of prelude and fugue
  • Seven toccatas in total, this being the shortest of all
  • This toccata is also the only one that starts with a slow section
  • Four sections in this toccata:
  1. A prelude in a rather improvisatory style resembling the composer’s later organ work such as Toccata and Fugue in D minor
  2. A little “fugato”, a double fugue for four voices, lively and rhythmic, 
  3. Adagio: recitative style, combination of Italian aria and Northern German fantasia style, highly improvisatory
  4. A final three-voice fugue with an extended subject, in allegro, idiomatic violin writing, also thought to be originally written for organ, showing tremendous influence from Italian toccata writing (“Naples Manuscript”)

A more “liberal” rendition of the toccata:

 

A lesser known performer yet with another beautiful version of the same toccata:

More background details and analysis in our membership area post.

 

Teresa Wong[:zh](更多在 英文版)

  • 巴哈七首曲最短的一首
  • 開頭前奏以比較自由,像詠嘆調一樣,以管風琴樂曲般的序奏(prelude) 開始
  • 緊隨着的是一個雙主題賦格曲 (double fugue),節奏明快緊湊,基本是以主音(tonic) E小調和第五音(dominant) B小調在各個聲部 (voice)中重複出現
  • 第三段慢版(adagio)有著非常即興(improvisation) 的曲風,帶有聲樂中的朗誦調(recitative)風格
  • 第4段又是一個賦格曲,有三個聲部,主題比較長 ,亦有管風琴樂曲和意大利賦格曲的影子。

 

http://youtu.be/5mVqAbdUvd0[:]