Category: Sight Reading

文憑考試要求:視奏部分(DipABRSM)

(中文翻譯: Tsui Tik Wei)

For English: “Diploma Requirement: Quick Study (DipABRSM)”


March 24, 2012


在這部分考試中,你要在無伴奏的情況下演奏一份從沒見過的短篇樂章,程度和英國皇家音樂學院(ABRSM)第六級考試曲目相近。

視奏前,你會有五分鐘時間看看整份樂章,試彈任何部分。在這段時間裡,主考官不會給你評分。視奏部分最長為時十分鐘。

視奏考試樂章的程度近乎現時英國皇家音樂學院級別考試樂目的要求。因此參考一下你所奏樂器在這個級別的指定演奏樂曲會有幫助。因為視奏考試樂章全是特別為文憑考試而寫的,風格傾向現代,易於掌握,雖然某些樂章會以模仿風格寫成。鍵盤樂器、結他和豎琴的考試樂曲通常超過兩頁,其他樂器的通常是一頁。

考試重點並不在樂曲長短,而是你將要面對的演奏技巧和音樂方面的挑戰,在為考試作準備時你也應該集中於這兩方面。

養成試彈陌生樂曲的習慣,把這些嘗試視為視奏練習,就能累積對考試有用的經驗。

儘量利用這五分鐘準備時間是在視奏考試中取得成功的關鍵。彈奏你完全不必費心的部分就是浪費了寶貴的時間,應該直接跳到重要的小節。嘗試避免犯常見的錯誤,就是為了把每個音彈對而彈得太慢,或緊張地趕快彈過去但把音彈錯。保持恰當的速度,讓音樂能「說話」是很重要的。最後,嘗試用感情表現出音樂內容和風格,以你能彈出的最佳音質透過音樂與聆聽者溝通。


Teresa Wong 黃穎妍

Diploma Requirement: Quick Study (DipABRSM)

中文版: 文憑考試要求:視奏部分(DipABRSM)



March 19, 2012


(Quoted from “Diploma Syllabus: Music Performance from 2005” – DipABRSM Section 2.2 Quick Study, by the Associated Board of The Royal Schools of Music)

In this section of the exam you are required to perform a short piece of unaccompanied and previously unseen music of a standard similar to ABRSM grade 6 repertoire.

Before you performed the quick study, you will be given five minutes in which to look through the music and to try out any parts of it. During this time examiners will not be assessing you. It total, the Quick Study lasts up to 10 minutes.

The standard of the quick study test piece is similar to the demands of the current repertoire list for the indicated ABRSM grade. You will therefore find it helpful to look at the pieces set for your instruments at this grade. Since the quick study tests have all been composed specifically for the diploma exams and they tend to be in a modern, approachable style, although some of the tests have been written in pastiche styles. For keyboard instruments, guitar and harp, the test will normally be laid out over two pages. For all other instruments, the test will normally occupy one page.

It is not the length of the test but the technical and musical challenges with which you will be presented that you should concentrate on in preparing for the exam.

Making it a habit to explore music unknown to you, and treating the exploration as a quick study exercise, will give you useful experience for the exam.

Using the five minutes’ preparation time to full advantage is vital to your success in the Quick Study. To play through sections that do not need any attention is a waste of valuable time – go straight to the bars that matter. Try to avoid the common mistakes of either playing too slowly in order to get every note correct, or nervously hurrying and tripping over. Getting just the right tempo to allow the music to “speak” is crucial. And finally, try to project musical content and style in an expressive way, communicating the music with your best tone quality.


Teresa Wong

Sight Reading II

[:en]”Music reading…is very akin to word reading, with the added component of kinesthetic (bodily) response added on to symbol translation. Rapid word readers tend to read music rapidly and vice versa. Of recent years, studies in patterns of eye movements aimed at improving word reading speed have also suggested concepts which are adaptable to the problems of sight-reading at the piano.

It is now generally recognized that the visual techniques of successful sight-reading require: taking in as much notation as possible at each glance; constantly looking ahead to the next measure or staff; and keeping one’s gaze fixed on the score while seeing the keyboard peripherally (or by quickly lowering the eyes without dropping the head).”

– Ruth Friedberg (The Complete Pianist: Body, Mind, Synthesis)

Focus on the score not hands. Your hands should learn to find the positions for themselves. If not, you should train them to do so. Take a quick glance at your hands only if there is a big change in position, e.g. a big leap. Make sure your eyes can find their ways back to where you have left off.

Focus on the music flow but not your failure to continue. Do not waste time on feeling bad or blaming yourself being not able to keep your playing going. Do not go back to the beginning of a phrase just because you have made a tiny mistake such as playing one single note wrong at the end of the phrase. You can fix it when you practice, not when you are sight reading.

You are not important here, the music is.

More about sight-reading here:

Sight-Reading I

Teaching Sight-Reading –
http://www.marthabeth.com/teaching_sight_reading.html

10 ways of improving your sight reading skills –
http://collaborativepiano.blogspot.com/2006/09/10-ways-of-improving-your-sight.html

Teresa Wong[:zh][anti-rclick]August 5, 2011

“Music reading…is very akin to word reading, with the added component of kinesthetic (bodily) response added on to symbol translation. Rapid word readers tend to read music rapidly and vice versa. Of recent years, studies in patterns of eye movements aimed at improving word reading speed have also suggested concepts which are adaptable to the problems of sight-reading at the piano.

It is now generally recognized that the visual techniques of successful sight-reading require: taking in as much notation as possible at each glance; constantly looking ahead to the next measure or staff; and keeping one’s gaze fixed on the score while seeing the keyboard peripherally (or by quickly lowering the eyes without dropping the head).”

– Ruth Friedberg (The Complete Pianist: Body, Mind, Synthesis)

Focus on the score not hands. Your hands should learn to find the positions for themselves. If not, you should train them to do so. Take a quick glance at your hands only if there is a big change in position, e.g. a big leap. Make sure your eyes can find their ways back to where you have left off.

Focus on the music flow but not your failure to continue. Do not waste time on feeling bad or blaming yourself being not able to keep your playing going. Do not go back to the beginning of a phrase just because you have made a tiny mistake such as playing one single note wrong at the end of the phrase. You can fix it when you practice, not when you are sight reading.

You are not important here, the music is.

More about sight-reading here:

Sight-Reading I
視譜《一》

Teaching Sight-Reading –
http://www.marthabeth.com/teaching_sight_reading.html

10 ways of improving your sight reading skills –
http://collaborativepiano.blogspot.com/2006/09/10-ways-of-improving-your-sight.html

Teresa Wong

 

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[:]

Music Reference Books 音樂參考書

 

I have used countless different sources, readings and references for my articles here. It is simply impossible to list them all. I also do not want to bore you with the dry and awkward academic readings. Therefore, to start with, here is a short Selected Book List for your reading interest and pleasure:

我在這裡的文章用了無數不同的閱讀和參考來源,是不可能全部列舉出來的。我也不想介紹你閱讀一些彆扭沈悶的學術讀物。以下是一個簡短的閱讀清單給你作參考之用:

FOR SERIOUS PIANISTS AND PIANO TEACHERS

PIANO HISTORY –
Title: The New Grove: The Piano
Publishing Information: W.W. Norton and Company, New York, London.

PIANO TECHNIQUE –

Title: On Piano Playing: Motion, Sound, and Expression
Author: György Sándor
Publishing Information: New York: Schirmer Books, 1981.
書名 : 《论钢琴弹奏:动作,声音与表现》
作者 : 桑朵尔
翻譯版本的連結:http://www.pianoweb.cn/eng/apianoworks.htm

Title: With Your Own Two Hands
Author: Seymour Bernstein

Title: Piano
Author: Louis Kentner
Publishing Information: Kahn & Averill Publishers, 2001

Title: Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments
(Original Title in German: “Ein Versuch über die wahre Art das Klavier zu Spielen”)
Author: C.P.E. Bach
Publishing Date: 1753

Title: A History of Theories of Teaching Piano Technic
Author: Roger Crager Boardman
Publishing Information: PhD Dissertation, New York University, 1954.

Title: Great Pianists on Piano Playing: Godowsky, Hofmann, Lhevinne, Paderewski, and 24 Other Legendary Performers
Compiled by: James Francis Cooke
Publisher: Dover Publications, Inc., New York

PIANO PEDAGOGY –

Title: The Well-Tempered Keyboard Teacher
Authors: Marieene Uszler, Stewart Gordon, Scott McBride Smith
Publisher: Schirmer Books, New York

PIANO PERFORMANCE AND PRACTICE –

Title: The Art of Practicing: A Guide to Making Music From The Heart
Author: Madeline Bruser
Publisher: Bell Tower, New York

Title: The Pianist’s Talent: A New Approach To Piano Playing Based On The Principles Of F Matthias Alexander and Raymond Thiberge
Author: Harold Taylor
Publisher Information: Kahn & Averill, London

Title: The Inner Game of Music
Author: Barry Green, W. Timothy Gallwey
Publisher Information: Pan Books, 1986.

Title: The Complete Pianist: Body, Mind, Synthesis
Author: Ruth C. Friedberg
Publisher Information: The Scarecrow Press, Inc. Metuchen, N.J., & London, 1993.

SIGHT-READING –

Article Title: “Sight Reading- A Trying Time for Teacher and Pupil”
Author: Paul Richardson
Website Link: http://www.musicteachers.co.uk/resources/sightr.pdf

TEACHING –

Title: The Art of Successful Teaching: A Blend of Content and Context
Author: Tim Lautzenheiser

PHILOSOPHY

Title: Music: A Very Short Introduction
Author: Nicholas Cook
Publisher: Oxford University Press

Title: Source Readings In Music History, Volume I: Greek Views Of Music
Editor: Thomas J. Mathiesen
Publisher: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., New York
(Greek philosophers -Plato, Aristotle, Cleonides etc.- on music; NOT an easy reading)

Title: Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction
Author: Edward Craig
Publisher: Oxford University Press

LANGUAGE –
Title: German For Musicians
Author: Josephine Barber
Publisher: Faber Music, London

Title: Graded French Reader: Première étape
Author: Camille Bauer
Publisher: D.C. Heath and Company

Title: Better Reading French
Author: Annie Heminway
Publisher: McGraw-Hill

DICTION / SINGING-
Title: The Singer’s Manual of English Diction
Author: Madeleine Marshall
Publisher: Schirmer Books

Title: On Studying Singing
Author: Sergius Kagen
Publisher: Dover Publications, Inc., New York

MUSIC EDUCATION-
Title: Music, Gender and Education
Author: Lucy Green
Publisher: Cambridge University Press,

FOR SERIOUS PARENTS

GENERAL CHILD EDUCATION 兒童教育-

書名: 管教啊,管教
作者: 汪琣珽
(註:本人大力推薦, 將會詳細討論此書)

MUSIC EDUCATION 音樂教育-

Title: Your Musical Child: Inspiring Kids to Play and Sing for Keeps
Author: Jessica Baron Turner
(Highly recommended)

(About This Book:
Read My Article: “Musical Child I”
閱讀中文版: 你的音樂兒童《一》)

Title: Music, Gender, Education
Author: Lucy Green
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

FOR GENERAL READING

MUSIC –
Title: Music: Healing The Rift
Author: Ivan Hewitt
Publisher: Continuum, New York, London

PIANO MUSIC APPRECIATION 鋼琴音樂欣賞 –
書名: 黑白溢彩 – 荷洛維茲的藝術
作者: 邵頌雄
出版: Oxford University Press

POSTIVITY 正面思想-

Title: Positive Thinking
Author: Vera Peiffer
Publisher Information: Element, Harper Collins Publishes Limited

Title: You Can Heal Your Life
Author: Louise L. Hay
Publisher Information: Hay HOuse, Inc., 2004.

Title: Key to Living the Law of Attraction: A Simple Guide to Creating the Live of Your Dreams
Author: Jack Canfield and D.D. Watkins
Publishing Information: Health Communications, Inc., Deerfield Beach, Florida.
Website: www.hcibooks.com
Free Book Sampler: http://www.hcibooks.com/SamplerPDF/9780757306587.pdf

Title: How To Have A Beautiful Mind
Author: Edward de Bono
Publisher: Random House, London.

PSYCHOLOGY 心理學-

書名: 瞬間看穿人心的心理學
作者: 原田玲仁
翻譯: 許慧貞
出版: Pawpaw Productions