Tag: ClassicalPeriod

References for Piano Music of Classical Period


Here are some great references for anyone who is serious in learning more in depth about piano/keyboard music of the classical era:

CPE Bach’s treatise: Versuch über die wahre Art das Clavier zu spielen (Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments)

It’s available in German and French at IMSLP: http://imslp.org/wiki/Versuch_%C3%BCber_die_wahre_Art_das_Clavier_zu_spielen,_H.868,_870_(Bach,_Carl_Philipp_Emanuel) 

For English translation: https://www.amazon.com/Essay-True-Playing-Keyboard-Instruments/dp/0393097161

Czerny’s Op. 500 Pianoforte-Schule

another historic treatise, in particular the second chapter concerning “the proper performance of Beethoven’s works”.  

English translation:  http://imslp.org/wiki/Pianoforte-Schule,_Op.500_(Czerny,_Carl) 

Second chapter on it’s own here: http://imslp.org/wiki/Special:ImagefromIndex/356510     

Rosenblum’s Performance Practices in Classic Piano Music

This is the go-to reference for all aspects of historically-informed performance at the piano Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Performance-Practices-Classic-Piano-Music/dp/0253206804 

Brown’s Classic and Romantic Performing Practice: 1750 – 1900

Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Classical-Romantic-Performing-Practice-1750-1900/dp/0195166655/ref=pd_sim_14_4?ie=UTF8&dpID=51zCN6Dra0L&dpSrc=sims&preST=_AC_UL160_SR105%2C160_&psc=1&refRID=MZ31B06KHX63PDSB2767

Malcolm Bilson’s DVDs on performance practice:  

(If you don’t know who he is, go learn here )

https://www.amazon.com/Knowing-Score-Malcolm-Bilson/dp/0801444845/ref=sr_1_18?ie=UTF8&qid=1466971031&sr=8-18&keywords=malcolm+bilson https://www.amazon.com/Performing-Score-Malcolm-Bilson/dp/B006IVOTWU/ref=sr_1_20?ie=UTF8&qid=1466971031&sr=8-20&keywords=malcolm+bilson 

And his recordings:


Special thanks to our guest teacher Mr Polanski for this note.

Teresa Wong


Reference Books For Specific Topic: Beethoven

For those who are interested in attaining more in-depth knowledge (history, composer, performance (practice), genre) about Beethoven and his piano works, I suggest you read the following to start with:

Beethoven: the first biography, 1827 (“Beethoven: Eine Biographe”)

– by Johann Aloys Schlosser, Barry A. R. Cooper

Beethoven’s letters

– by Ludwig van Beethoven, Alfred Christlieb Kalischer (Dover Edition, 1972)

Beethoven: The Last Decade, 1817-1827

– by Martin Cooper (London: Oxford University Press, 1985)

includes analysis of piano works

A Companion to Beethoven’s Pianoforte Sonatas

– by Donald Francis Tovey, Barry Cooper (Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music, 1998)

Beethoven: the music and the life

– by Lewis Lockwood (W W Norton & Co Inc, 2005)


– by Barry Cooper (Oxford University Press, 2000)

Beethoven, the Man and the Artist as Revealed in His Own Words

– by Ludwig van Beethoven, Friedrich Kerst, Henry Edward Krehbiel (Dover edition, 1964)

Beethoven’s piano sonatas: a short companion, Volume 1

– by Charles Rosen (Yale University Press, 2002)

Beethoven: Piano Sonatas, Volume 3: Issues 16-24

– by Ludwig van Beethoven, Stewart Gordon (Alfred Music Publishing, 2008)

Beethoven: Piano Sonatas, Vol 2: Issues 9-15

– by Ludwig van Beethoven, Stewart Gordon (Alfred Music Publishing, 2005)

Sonata Forms

– by Charles Rosen (Norton, 1988)

The Classical style: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven

– by Charles Rosen (WW NORTON, 2009)

Classical Form: A Theory of Formal Functions for the Instrumental Music of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven

– by William E. Caplin (Oxford University Press, 1998)

Harvard dictionary of music

– by Willi Apel (Harvard University Press, 1969)

Link for “Sonata Form” (incomplete): p.791-796

The Harvard dictionary of music (2003) – Don Michael Randel

Link for “Sonata Form” (incomplete): p.799-802

It’s not necessary that you read the whole book(s). Often you can find the chapters relevant to the specific pieces you are working on / specific information that you are looking for.

Teresa Wong